Archive for August, 2012


Qandhari naan

 

Traditional Food particularly Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, involves the use of mild aromatic spices, nuts and more healthy then other cuisine. Kandahari Naan also is a traditional recipe of northern side. It is the combination of sugar, dates and coconut.

Qandahari Naan ;

Cook dates in ½ cup of water, then apply this water on naan with brush and bake. Mix coconut, yellow food colour, raisins and sugar.

Method:

Mix flour, salt, yeast, sugar, oil and make soft dough with warm milk. Leave on warm place until it doubles in size. Then roll, fill coconut mixture, give them ball shapes again, cover and leave for some time. Then roll in oval shapes, apply dates water with brush and cook in oven or tandoor.

 

 

 

 

 

A poem from my heart

جاتا پل جب آ نے والے پل کا ہاتھ پکڑ تا ہے

میری خواب سراۓ  میں اک نیا دریچہ کھلتا ہے

پھر میں اس میں جھانک کے جانے کتنے منظر دیکھتی ہوں

وقت کا د ھ ار ا جیسے میرے ساتھ ہی چلتا رکتا ہے

میری سوچیں مجھے اڑ ا  کر دور کہیں لے جاتی ہیں

اس انجان  محل میں جس کا ہر اک برج سنہرا هے

جس میں چند اکیلی یادیں صدیوں سے لہراتی ہیں

لیکن جس کے در پیے آج بھی تیز ہوا کا پہرا ہے

سینکڑ و ں بار صدا  دینے پرایک جھروکا  کھلتا ہے

اک ان جانی سرگوشی مجھے اپنے پاس بلاتی ہے

سب کلیوں سے شبنم چن کر میرے ہاتھ پی رکھتی ہے

اور گھٹا کےآ ینۓ میں سارا جہاں دکھلاتی ہے

سوچ سمندر کی سیپوں  سے موتی چنتی رہتی ہوں

میں اپنے دل کی سب با تیں اس ہمدم سے کہتی ہوں

وو بے شکل صدا  میرا ہر خواب مکمل کرتی ہے

چند کو میرے ہاتھ کا کنگن دھنک کو آنچل کرتی ہے

لیکن نام پتا پوچھوں تو وہ چھپ سی ہو جاتی ہے

بند ہوتا ہے محل جھروکا پھر سے کہیں کھو جاتی ہے

                                              saleha waseem

محبت اوس کی صورت

پیاسی پنکھڑی کے ہونٹ کو سیراب کرتی ہے

گلوں کی آستینوں میں انوکھے رنگ بھرتی ہے

سحر کے جھٹپٹے میں گنگناتی، مسکراتی جگمگاتی ہے

محبت کے دنوں میں دشت بھی محسوس ہوتا ہے

کسی فردوس کی صورت

محبت اوس کی صورت

محبت ابر کی صورت

دلوں کی سر زمیں پہ گھر کے آتی ہے اور برستی ہے

چمن کا ذرہ زرہ جھومتا ہے مسکراتا ہے

ازل کی بے نمو مٹی میں سبزہ سر اُٹھاتا ہے

محبت اُن کو بھی آباد اور شاداب کرتی ہے

جو دل ہیں قبر کی صورت

محبت ابر کی صورت

محبت آگ کی صورت

بجھے سینوں میں جلتی ہے تودل بیدار ہوتے ہیں

محبت کی تپش میں کچھ عجب اسرار ہوتے ہیں

کہ جتنا یہ بھڑکتی ہے عروسِ جاں مہکتی ہے

دلوں کے ساحلوں پہ جمع ہوتی اور بکھرتی ہے

محبت جھاگ کی صورت

محبت آگ کی صورت

محبت خواب کی صورت

نگاہوں میں اُترتی ہے کسی مہتاب کی صورت

ستارے آرزو کے اس طرح سے جگمگاتے ہیں

کہ پہچانی نہیں جاتی دلِ بے تاب کی صورت

محبت کے شجر پرخواب کے پنچھی اُترتے ہیں

تو شاخیں جاگ اُٹھتی ہیں

تھکے ہارے ستارے جب زمیں سے بات کرتے ہیں

تو کب کی منتظر آنکھوں میں شمعیں جاگ اُٹھتی ہیں

محبت ان میں جلتی ہے چراغِ آب کی صورت

محبت خواب کی صورت

محبت درد کی صورت

گزشتہ موسموں کا استعارہ بن کے رہتی ہے

شبانِ ہجر میںروشن ستارہ بن کے رہتی ہے

منڈیروں پر چراغوں کی لوئیں جب تھرتھر اتی ہیں

نگر میں نا امیدی کی ہوئیں سنسناتی ہیں

گلی جب کوئی آہٹ کوئی سایہ نہیں رہتا

دکھے دل کے لئے جب کوئی دھوکا نہیں رہتا

غموں کے بوجھ سے جب ٹوٹنے لگتے ہیں شانے تو

یہ اُن پہ ہاتھ رکھتی ہے

کسی ہمدرد کی صورت

گزر جاتے ہیں سارے قافلے جب دل کی بستی سے

فضا میں تیرتی ہے دیر تک یہ

گرد کی صورت

محبت درد کی صورت

Ilahi teri chokhat per bhikari ban ker aya hoon,

Sarapa faqr hoon, ijz-o-nadamat saath laya hoon,

Bhikari woh ke jis ke paas jholi hai na payala hai,

Bhikari woh jisey hiras-o-hawas nay maar dala hai,

Mata-e-deen-o-danish, nafs ke hathon se lutwa ker.

Sakoon-e-qalb ki daulat hawas ki bhent charha ker,

Lutta ker sari poonji ghaflat-o-issyan ki daldal mein,

Sahara lene aya hoon tere kaabay ke aanchal mein,

Gunahon ki lipatt sey, kaynat-e-qalb afsurda,

Iraaday muzmehehal, himmat shikasta hoslay murda,

Kahan say laoon takat dil ki sachi tarjumani ki,

Ke kis jhanjhal mein guzri hein ghariyan zindagani ki.

Khulasa yeh ke bus jull bhun ker apni roo-sayahi sey

Sarapa faqr ban ker apni haalat ki tabahi sey,

Tere darbar mein laya hoon apni ab zaboon-haali,

Teri chokhat ke laeq har amal se hath hein khali,

Yeh Tera ghar hai ye Tere mehr ka darbar hai Maula

Sarapa noor hai, ik mohbat-e-anwaar hai Mola.

Teri chokhat ke jo adab hein, main unn se khali hoon,

Nahi jis ko saleeqa manganey ka, woh sawali hoon

Zuban ghalt-e-nadamat dil ki na’kas tarjumani per,

Khudaya reham meri iss zaban-e-ijz-zabani per,

Ye ankhein khushk hein, Ya Rabb inhein rona nahi aata,

Sulagtay daagh hein dil mein jinhein dhona nahi aata.

Ilahi teri chokhat per bhikari ban kay aaya hoon,

Sarapa faqr hoon, ijz-o-nadamat saath laya hoon,

وطن میں یہ عید بھی تیری سرحدوں پے مناؤں گا
میں یہ عید بھی تیری رکھوالی میں گزاروں گا
ہاتھوں میں رائفل سینے پے گولی سجاؤں گا
اے وطن میں یہ عید بھی تیری سرحدوں پے مناؤں گا
اپنی خوشیاں غم ساتھ ہی مناؤں گا
اے وطن کٹ جائے سر سے تن ، پر تیری قسم تجھے ہی بچاؤں گا
میں یہ عید تیری سرحدوں پے مناؤں گا


میں کی کیتا ہاسے ہاسے

لے بیٹھی آ ں پریت دی کھاری

ہن چکاں تے بھا روں ڈردی

نہ چکاں تاں قولؤں ہاری

01 Coffee:

The story goes that an Arab named Khalid was tending his goats in the Kaffa region of southern Ethiopia, when he noticed his animals became livelier after eating a certain berry. He boiled the berries to make the first coffee. Certainly the first record of the drink is of beans exported from Ethiopia to Yemen where Sufis drank it to stay awake all night to pray on special occasions. By the late 15th century it had arrived in Mecca and Turkey from where it made its way to Venice in 1645. It was brought to England in 1650 by a Turk named Pasqua Rosee who opened the first coffee house in Lombard Street in the City of London.

The Arabic qahwa became the Turkish kahve then the Italian caffé and then English coffee.

02 Pin-Hole Camera:

The ancient Greeks thought our eyes emitted rays, like a laser, which enabled us to see. The first person to realise that light enters the eye, rather than leaving it, was the 10th-century Muslim mathematician, astronomer and physicist Ibn al-Haitham. He invented the first pin-hole camera after noticing the way light came through a hole in window shutters. The smaller the hole, the better the picture, he worked out, and set up the first Camera Obscura (from the Arab word qamara for a dark or private room). He is also credited with being the first man to shift physics from a philosophical activity to an experimental one.

03 Chess:

A form of chess was played in ancient India but the game was developed into the form we know it today in Persia. From there it spread westward to Europe – where it was introduced by the Moors in Spain in the 10 th century – and eastward as far as Japan. The word rook comes from the Persian rukh, which means chariot.

04 Parachute:

A thousand years before the Wright brothers a Muslim poet, astronomer, musician and engineer named Abbas ibn Firnas made several attempts to construct a flying machine. In 852 he jumped from the minaret of the Grand Mosque in Cordoba using a loose cloak stiffened with wooden struts. He hoped to glide like a bird. He didn’t. But the cloak slowed his fall, creating what is thought to be the first parachute, and leaving him with only minor injuries. In 875, aged 70, having perfected a machine of silk and eagles’ feathers he tried again, jumping from a mountain. He flew to a significant height and stayed aloft for ten minutes but crashed on landing – concluding, correctly, that it was because he had not given his device a tail so it would stall on landing.

Baghdad international airport and a crater on the Moon are named after him.

05 Shampoo:

Washing and bathing are religious requirements for Muslims, which is perhaps why they perfected the recipe for soap which we still use today. The ancient Egyptians had soap of a kind, as did the Romans who used it more as a pomade. But it was the Arabs who combined vegetable oils with sodium hydroxide and aromatics such as thyme oil. One of the Crusaders’ most striking characteristics, to Arab nostrils, was that they did not wash. Shampoo was introduced to England by a Muslim who opened Mahomed’s Indian Vapour Baths on Brighton seafront in 1759 and was appointed Shampooing Surgeon to Kings George IV and William IV.

06 Refinement:

Distillation, the means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points, was invented around the year 800 by Islam’s foremost scientist, Jabir ibn Hayyan, who transformed alchemy into chemistry, inventing many of the basic processes and apparatus still in use today – liquefaction, crystallisation, distillation, purification, oxidisation, evaporation and filtration. As well as discovering sulphuric and nitric acid, he invented the alembic still, giving the world intense rosewater and other perfumes and alcoholic spirits (although drinking them is haram, or forbidden, in Islam). Ibn Hayyan emphasised systematic experimentation and was the founder of modern chemistry.

07 Shaft:

The crank-shaft is a device which translates rotary into linear motion and is central to much of the machinery in the modern world, not least the internal combustion engine. One of the most important mechanical inventions in the history of humankind, it was created by an ingenious Muslim engineer called al-Jazari to raise water for irrigation. His 1206 Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices shows he also invented or refined the use of valves and pistons, devised some of the first mechanical clocks driven by water and weights, and was the father of robotics. Among his 50 other inventions was the combination lock.

08 Metal Armor:

Quilting is a method of sewing or tying two layers of cloth with a layer of insulating material in between. It is not clear whether it was invented in the Muslim world or whether it was imported there from India or China. But it certainly came to the West via the Crusaders. They saw it used by Saracen warriors, who wore straw-filled quilted canvas shirts instead of armour. As well as a form of protection, it proved an effective guard against the chafing of the Crusaders’ metal armour and was an effective form of insulation – so much so that it became a cottage industry back home in colder climates such as Britain and Holland.

09 Pointed Arch:

The pointed arch so characteristic of Europe’s Gothic cathedrals was an invention borrowed from Islamic architecture. It was much stronger than the rounded arch used by the Romans and Normans, thus allowing the building of bigger, higher, more complex and grander buildings. Other borrowings from Muslim genius included ribbed vaulting, rose windows and dome-building techniques. Europe’s castles were also adapted to copy the Islamic world’s – with arrow slits, battlements, a barbican and parapets. Square towers and keeps gave way to more easily defended round ones. Henry V’s castle architect was a Muslim.

10 Surgery:

Many modern surgical instruments are of exactly the same design as those devised in the 10th century by a Muslim surgeon called al-Zahrawi. His scalpels, bone saws, forceps, fine scissors for eye surgery and many of the 200 instruments he devised are recognisable to a modern surgeon. It was he who discovered that catgut used for internal stitches dissolves away naturally (a discovery he made when his monkey ate his lute strings) and that it can be also used to make medicine capsules. In the 13th century, another Muslim medic named Ibn Nafis described the circulation of the blood, 300 years before William Harvey discovered it. Muslims doctors also invented anaesthetics of opium and alcohol mixes and developed hollow needles to suck cataracts from eyes in a technique still used today.

11 Windmill:

The windmill was invented in 634 for a Persian caliph and was used to grind corn and draw up water for irrigation. In the vast deserts of Arabia, when the seasonal streams ran dry, the only source of power was the wind which blew steadily from one direction for months. Mills had six or 12 sails covered in fabric or palm leaves. It was 500 years before the first windmill was seen in Europe.

12 Vaccination:

The technique of inoculation was not invented by Jenner and Pasteur but was devised in the Muslim world and brought to Europe from Turkey by the wife of the English ambassador to Istanbul in 1724. Children in Turkey were vaccinated with cowpox to fight the deadly smallpox at least 50 years before the West discovered it.

13 Fountain Pen:

The fountain pen was invented for the Sultan of Egypt in 953 after he demanded a pen which would not stain his hands or clothes. It held ink in a reservoir and, as with modern pens, fed ink to the nib by a combination of gravity and capillary action.

14 Numerical Numbering:

The system of numbering in use all round the world is probably Indian in origin but the style of the numerals is Arabic and first appears in print in the work of the Muslim mathematicians al-Khwarizmi and al-Kindi around 825. Algebra was named after al-Khwarizmi’s book, Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah, much of whose contents are still in use. The work of Muslim maths scholars was imported into Europe 300 years later by the Italian mathematician Fibonacci. Algorithms and much of the theory of trigonometry came from the Muslim world. And Al-Kindi’s discovery of frequency analysis rendered all the codes of the ancient world soluble and created the basis of modern cryptology.

15 Soup:

Ali ibn Nafi, known by his nickname of Ziryab (Blackbird) came from Iraq to Cordoba in the 9th century and brought with him the concept of the three-course meal – soup, followed by fish or meat, then fruit and nuts. He also introduced crystal glasses (which had been invented after experiments with rock crystal by Abbas ibn Firnas – see No 4).

16 Carpets:

Carpets were regarded as part of Paradise by medieval Muslims, thanks to their advanced weaving techniques, new tinctures from Islamic chemistry and highly developed sense of pattern and arabesque which were the basis of Islam’s non-representational art. In contrast, Europe’s floors were distinctly earthly, not to say earthy, until Arabian and Persian carpets were introduced. In England, as Erasmus recorded, floors were “covered in rushes, occasionally renewed, but so imperfectly that the bottom layer is left undisturbed, sometimes for 20 years, harbouring expectoration, vomiting, the leakage of dogs and men, ale droppings, scraps of fish, and other abominations not fit to be mentioned”. Carpets, unsurprisingly, caught on quickly.

17 Pay Cheques:

The modern cheque comes from the Arabic saqq, a written vow to pay for goods when they were delivered, to avoid money having to be transported across dangerous terrain. In the 9th century, a Muslim businessman could cash a cheque in China drawn on his bank in Baghdad.

18 Earth is in sphere shape?

By the 9th century, many Muslim scholars took it for granted that the Earth was a sphere. The proof, said astronomer Ibn Hazm, “is that the Sun is always vertical to a particular spot on Earth”. It was 500 years before that realization dawned on Galileo. The calculations of Muslim astronomers were so accurate that in the 9th century they reckoned the Earth’s circumference to be 40, 253.4km – less than 200km out. The scholar al-Idrisi took a globe depicting the world to the court of King Roger of Sicily in 1139.

19 Rocket and Torpedo:

Though the Chinese invented salt-petre gunpowder, and used it in their fireworks, it was the Arabs who worked out that it could be purified using potassium nitrate for military use. Muslim incendiary devices terrified the Crusaders. By the 15th century they had invented both a rocket, which they called a “self-moving and combusting egg”, and a torpedo – a self-propelled pear-shaped bomb with a spear at the front which impaled itself in enemy ships and then blew up.

20 Gardens:

Medieval Europe had kitchen and herb gardens, but it was the Arabs who developed the idea of the garden as a place of beauty and meditation. The first royal pleasure gardens in Europe were opened in 11th-century Muslim Spain. Flowers which originated in Muslim gardens include the carnation and the tulip.

Iqbal says:

تھے تو آباء وہ تمھارے ہی ۔ ۔ ۔ پر تم کیا ہو؟

ہاتھ پہ ہاتھ دھرے منتظرِ فردا ہو

– p.s (I have taken this from Ali,journal.wordpress.com)

 

                                                                                                                            

خدا کرے میری ارض پاک پر اترے

وہ فصلِ گل جسے اندیشہء زوال نہ ہو

یہاں جو پھول کھلے وہ کِھلا رہے برسوں

یہاں خزاں کو گزرنے کی بھی مجال نہ ہو

یہاں جو سبزہ اُگے وہ ہمیشہ سبز رہے

اور ایسا سبز کہ جس کی کوئی مثال نہ ہو

گھنی گھٹائیں یہاں ایسی بارشیں برسائیں

کہ پتھروں کو بھی روئیدگی محال نہ ہو

خدا کرے نہ کبھی خم سرِ وقارِ وطن

اور اس کے حسن کو تشویش ماہ و سال نہ ہو

ہر ایک خود ہو تہذیب و فن کا اوجِ کمال

کوئی ملول نہ ہو کوئی خستہ حال نہ ہو

خدا کرے کہ میرے اک بھی ہم وطن کے لیے

حیات جرم نہ ہو زندگی وبال نہ ہو

OUR COUNTRY IS OUR DIGNITY, WEAR IT  WITH PRIDE

Photo: Meltwater-carved canyon

beautiful greenland photography